About Kuroshima island

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Kuroshima Island lies about 12 km west of Sasebo and is the biggest island in the 99 islands which belong to Saikai National Park.

  • Around -12.5㎞
  • Area -5.37㎞
  • Population -538 people (2010)
  • 1954 year, incorporated in Sasebo

     

    Immediately go island with a church in the ferry.


    Origin of the name

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    There are two theories about why this island has been called Kuroshima or Black Island.
    One is this island looks black seen from the sea because of its trees growing densely.

    The other is, because it was inhabited by many Catholics, is said to be "Cruz" (cruz = meaning of the Cross in Portuguese), this is the theory that became the "black island" dull.
    The word Cross Shima was pronounced Kuroshima with a corrupted form.

    However, since the name of Kuroshima appeared in an old record which was written long before the introduction of Christianity, the first theory is probably correct.

    Spring Water Island

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    This island used to be called Water Island because of its abundant spring water.

    Currently, there are more than 100 wells and located in remote areas to prevent to mix with wastewater.
    Each well is shared and maintained by a few households nearby.

    That’s the reason why you can see a lot of replicas of Lourdes Grotto on this island.


Island consisting 8 district

Development of history is visible island of immigration.


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Kuroshima island consists of 8 areas. From the port clockwise, Honmura, Todobira, Furusato, Hikazu, Neya, Nakiri, Tashiro, and Warabe.


HONMURA
In villages in the north coast central part of the island, the district mainly live in Buddhists.
The village of Buddhists from ancient times has been living collection "Motomura" In the example there may be in other areas because, also have the same name district to Mawatari village of Saga Prefecture.
TODOVIRA
Flat land facing the north coast of the island.
In the old days, from the fact that there was a temple, now we have this place name. As Motomura was considered the center of the island, meaning that where the east of the temple stood.
Furusato (Hometown)
In the village of the eastern end of the island, it is home to many Buddhists.
Once to the island Catholic Muslims fled the persecution, temporarily after became a deserted island, because I lived to Buddhists Motomura and hometown who emigrated from Hirado, "hometown" in the sense of the old settlements in the District 8 It was attached with.
HIKAZU
Place names facing the east coast of the island.
And the date on which the morning sun refers to the calendar, instead says to have been counting the days. Place name was born from this thing.
There is also a surname "Nissutani", is some kind of involvement is also likely.
NEYA
Place name is located in the southeast part of the island.
Kuroshima time was folded clan territory ranch belonging Hirado Domain, criticism less day also good at, because the horse in grazing was resting collection is said to be "Neya", it became a "Netani" in turn .
NAKIRI
Village located in the central part of the island in the area of ​​loose slope that climbed the hill from Motomura.
The "Nakiri" is the name that refers to the terrain surrounded by mountains and cliffs.
Proceeding to the south south bank of the cliff, the road was attached from the shape of the impasse that steep slope of narrow Nanamagari reaches the coast.
TASHIRO
In settlements from the central south coast of the island, one of the 8 district, once it is said that in many cases owned by the amount of paddy fields.
Is the district name, which means the rice paddies.
WARABE
Somewhat located in the west of the center of the island, spring water are many, is trees also many places.
The old days it seems that bracken has caught many in the humid land. Bracken of names accent, has become a "lad".