Kuroshima of industry
The main bulk of the Kuroshima’s economy centers on agriculture and fishery.
On Kuroshima, root vegetables such as potatoes and onions grow well in red soil.
The marine products caught in the sea around Kuroshima Island are sea bream, horse mackerel, striped pigfish, top shell, abalone, horseshoe crab, filefish and so on. Especially, sea urchin, abalone, spiny lobster and horseshoe crab are very popular.
Kuroshima used to be famous for its quality granite. The island granite was used for the Kuroshima Church construction.
70% of the total population is engaged in fishery, the main industry of the island.
The fishing methods such as single-hook fishing, gill net, boat seine, octopus trap, fixed net are popular.
In 1979, fish culture farms for young yellowtail and amberjack were introduced.
Since 1999, tuna have been also farm-raised.
The island is also rich in sea grasses such as hijiki brown algae and aosa and other marine products such as sea urchin, top shell and abalone.
Upland farming, animal husbandry have been made.
Rice growing is not popular because of island’s land features.
They grow various root vegetables and leaf ones such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, soy beans and green peas.
The well-draining red soil is especially suitable for root vegetables.
Kankoro rice cake is made from sweet potatoes and glutinous rice and each family’s own recipe has been handed down from generation to generation. Spices and flavors such as ginger and sesame can be added depending on one’s preference.
Daikon radish is sliced and dried, and becomes pickles like Gobuzuke.
The preserved food culture still remains in the families of Kuroshima.
Kuroshima’s stone industry was established by Mr. Fujiyama Yoshitaro. He accepted many
apprentices and trained them to be full-fledged masons.
Most were from the Honmura area and after being independent they established their own companies with their friends and relatives.
When Kuroshima Church was constructed, Kuroshima granite provided by Mr. Fujiyama was used for its gateposts, stone walls and stone steps.
In 1918, the demand of Kuroshima granite for Shrines’ Torii gates, bridge stones, construction stones, stone towers increased. So Kuroshima granite was shipped all the way to Sasebo and Nagasaki. It is said Kuroshima granite was used for Torii gates and pavements in Hirado Kameyama Shrine and Nagasaki Suwa Shrine.
Usage inside the island:
Kuroshima granite was used for not only Kuroshima Church’s foundation stone, but also private houses’ foundation stones, wall stones and well stones.
It is also used for tomb stones of both Buddhists and Catholics.